The Implementation of the 40 Hour Work Week and What Led to It
Many companies did not have their employees working for 40 hours in a week. Some workers still work for more hours from the one which is set which is 40 hours a week which when converted, will be 8 hours a day for five days of the week. To be able to get the 40 hours a week, it was a struggle and from this website, you will get more info from the events that took place.
Own who was a Welsh manufacturer suggested that a day should be divided into three equal sections with 8 hours back in 1817. These sections of the day would be for work, recreation and rest. Many of the nations in Europe did not like the idea, but later in the US, it gained popularity. The Congress later in 1866 passed the law, but it did not take charge.
In 1867, workers requested the Illinois Legislature to limit the working hours to 8 hours. The law was passed, but there are those who could sign a deal with their employers for longer hours. It made many agitated, and this led to a huge strike that took place in Chicago on the 1st of May. In 1869, President Ulysses S. Grant, signed a deal that assured a stable wage and eight working hours for the government employees.
During the 1870s and the 1880s, the trade unions and the labor unions continued to advocate for the 40 working hours in a week, and they held national strikes each day on May 1st. In 1886, a strike was organized that caused deaths and injuries of both the police and the workers.
In 1914, the Ford Motor Company implemented the eight working hours a day and an increased wage, but the workers still worked for six days. They visited the homes of their workers to see if they deserved the increased wages. By 1916, we had more companies that accepted to reduce the working hours to 40 hours in a week. It thus led to a strike of 4 million American workers who had not received this right.
The General Motors Company still did not offer the 8 hours of work and a good wage for their workers in 1937. They had poor working conditions for their workers. 8 years into the Great Depression, the workers of this company went into a strike which led to a reduction of their working hours.
In 1938, the Fair Labor Standards Act was signed which saw the working hours reduced to 44 in a week. The Congress later amended this to 40 working hours.