One of the leading updates in the medical world is the discovery and success of stem cell therapy. Although this modern innovation has already made successful treatments to patients all over the world, there are still mysteries that enshroud it. Stem cell therapy may be a new discovery but its execution is not really that complicated to fathom. The treatment has even become much easier to perform with the invention of new equipment to assist in the process. If you would like to know more about this kind of medical therapy, you have to first know what stem cells are.
The Body’s Stem Cells
The stem cell is basically responsible for the natural regenerative ability of the human body to restore damaged cells and tissues back to their original state. An embryonic stem cell is one of the most active stem cells produced by the human body but it is only present in an embryo. Researchers have already observed embryonic stem cells under the microscope but their full ability is still not fully understood. The use of embryonic stem cells is being done in many hospitals but it is still considered controversial to many medical researchers.
Stem cells are not just harvested in embryos but also in adult individuals. Bodily tissues inside the body usually contain adult stem cells that aids in regeneration in case of damages. Medical practitioners that perform stem cell therapy rarely use embryonic stem cells due to their difficult harvesting process. Although adult stem cells can be acquired from many parts of the body, the most useful ones are usually found inside the bone marrow, brain tissues, and muscle fibers. There are also recent discoveries about the abundance of adult stem cells in the human fats. When the body accepts the stem cells, the outcome of the this stem cell treatment becomes evident in just a matter of days.
The Type of Stem Cells
Xenogenic, allogenic, and autologous are the three types of stem cells. Autologous stem cells are simply the stem cells that are gathered from animals. This kind of stem cell is usually used in transplants because it has the least chance of rejection. The term used to describe the stem cells that are used and harvested from the same species is allogenic stem cell. Stem cells do not usually have markers on them but when cells from the donor and patients are compatible, the results are outstanding. Xenogenic is a term used to describe stem cells that come from a distinct species to the receiver. Xenogenic stem cells are used in treating various conditions although rejection in the patient’s body is quite common. Your doctor should already know how stem cell therapy is done and ask about their thoughts about it.